2019 Vol. XIII № 1
V.V. Bondareva, L.F. Nikolaychuk, V.B. Golub
Xerophytic plant communities of the Lower Volga valley
Abstract. The review and classification of the plant communities of the classes Festucetea vaginatae Soó ex Vicherek 1972 and Artemisietea lerchianae Golub 1994 of Lower Volga Valley has been carried out. They are xerophytic plant communities according to its floristic composition and ecology. The Lower Volga Valley vegetation database was used for review and classification of the plant communities. The database was created using the computer program TURBOVEG. Now it includes 14972 relevés collected during 1924–2018 on the territory of the Lower Volga Valley. Supervised and unsupervised methods for the classification of vegetation were applied. The expert system based on the Cocktail method (Bruelheide, 2000) was used as a supervised method of classification. Cluster analysis was used as an unsupervised classification method. The new alliance Carduion uncinati and the new association Carduo uncinati–Artemisietum scopariae have been established for vegetation of fallow land on brown desert soils.
Key words: Lower Volga valley, syntaxonomy, cocktail method, semi-desert and desert vegetation
Flora of the Yukhnovskiy biological sanctuary (Belarus)
Abstract. 429 higher vascular plants from 74 families and 269 genera were marked at the territory of the Yukhnovskiy biological sanctuary during the field studies in 2018. Based on research, there was prepared a checklist of flora in which all the species were given their bioecological and geographical characteristics. Also information on distribution and occurrence degree was provided briefly. There were given taxonomic, ecological and geographical analyses of flora. Synanthropic fraction was defined and described. There were marked the places of growth of 12 species included in the Red List of Belarus: Arnica montana, Campanula latifolia, Cephalanthera longifolia, Huperzia selago, Laserpitium latifolium, Lathyrus laevigatus, L. linifolius, Lilium martagon, Prunella grandiflora, Pulmonaria angustifolia, Pulsatilla patens, Thesium ebracteatum. Also there were marked 13 species from the list of preventive protection: Aquilegia vulgaris, Anthericum ramosum, Campanula persicifolia, Daphne mezereum, Epipactis helleborine, Goodyera repens, Hierochloe australis, Hepatica nobilis, Matteuccia struthiopteris, Phyteuma spicatum, Platanthera bifolia, Primula veris, Thalictrum aquilegifolium, as well as a number of rare plants for Minsk oblast and Belarus. Some invasive species were marked. Species diversity increase was registered due to cultivated alien species run wild.
Key words: flora, vascular plants, botanical garden, Central Yakutia
O.A. Nikolaeva, N.S. Danilova
Conspectus of the flora of vascular plants in natural areas
of the Yakutsk botanical garden
Abstract. The article presents the results of studies of the spontaneuos flora of the Yakutsk Botanical Garden of the Institute of Biological Problems of the Cryolithozone of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences – one of the Northern Gardens of Russia. The annotated list includes 383 spesies and subspecies from 243 genera and 72 families. Among the registered vascular plants, 11 species are included in the Red Book of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) – Allium prostratum, A. ramosum, Astragalus lenensis, Cleistogenes squarrosa, Cypripedium guttatum, Elytrigia villosa, Ephedra monosperma, Gagea pauciflora, Lilium pensylvanicum, Papaver jacuticum, Thermopsis lanceolata subsp. jacutica. For each taxon, information is presented on the general distribution and distribution in the natural area of the botanical garden. The paper gives a taxonomic, geographical and ecological-biomorphological analysis of the flora with the release of grown-up species only in the Garden. It was revealed that within 8 years the local flora increased by 131 species. Naturalization of alien species as Convallaria majalis is indicated for the flora of Yakutia for first time.
Key words: flora, vascular plants, botanical garden, Central Yakutia
S.R. Mayorov, E.A. Borisova
Dactyloctenium radulans (R. Br.) P. Beauv. (Gramineae) –
a new alien species for the flora of Russia
Abstract. The information on the finding of Dactyloctenium radulans in Ivanovo is given – a new alien species for the flora of Russia.
Key words: Dactyloctenium radulans, Dactyloctenium aegyptium, alien plants
L.M. Abramova, Ya.M. Golovanov
The floristic findings of invasive and potentially invasive plant species
in the North-West of the Republic of Bashkortostan
Abstract. The Republic of Bashkortostan because of the arrangement in South Ural, on border of Europe and Asia, is characterized by intensive course of invasive processes. In the last decades also naturalization of separate invasive species in natural habitats – in floodplains of the rivers, forest edges, on coastal and boggy meadows is observed. Researches on search of new locations of alien plant species are conducted since the end of the 90th years of the XX century. The publication of "black list" of flora of the Bashkortostan Republic (Abramova, Golovanov, 2016) including 100 invasive and potentially invasive plants and the "Abstract of adventive species of the Bashkortostan Republic" (Muldashev et al., 2017) which generalized data on localities of 457 alien plant species not peculiar to the nature of Bashkortostan became result of the carried-out works. Article represents addition to earlier published data, which are received during the forwarding researches of 2018 conducted in the northwest of the Bashkortostan. The research revealed 89 new localities of 12 invasive and potentially invasive plant species: Collomia linearis, Echinocystis lobata, Erigeron annuus, Heracleum sosnowskyi, Hippophae rhamnoides, Hordeum jubatum, Impatiens glandulifera, Lepidium densiflorum, Lupinus polyphyllus, Rosa rugosa, Solidago canadensis, S. gigantea.
Key words: biological invasions, invasive species, potentially invasive species, Republic of Bashkortostan
E.V. Pismarkina, A.G. Bystrushkin
New findings of alien species of vascular plants
in the Yamalo-Nenets autonomous region (Russia)
Abstract. The article provides information on the findings of 13 alien vascular plant species and 1 subspecies (from 14 genera and 7 families) made in the Yamalo-Nenets autonomous region (Russian Federation) in 2013–2017. Among the species found are new to the regional flora Cucurbita pepo and, possibly, Silene flos-cuculi, and rarely found in the region of Arctium tomentosum, Carduus crispus, Chenopodium glaucum, Convolvulus arvensis, Descurainia sophia, Geum aleppicum, Lactuca tatarica, Lotus corniculatus, Raphanus rhaphanistrum, Sisymbrium loeselii, Tussilago farfara.
Key words: plant geography, Western Siberia, alien flora, Yamalo-Nenets autonomous region
Ya.M. Golovanov, L.M. Abramova, S.M. Yamalov
About the finding of the highest reed (Phragmites altissimus (Benth.) Mabille)
at the Southern Urals (Orenburg oblast)
Abstract. As a result of the conducted field research in the territory of the Orenburg region reed huge (Phragmites altissimus (Benth.) Mabille) was for the first time noted. Earlier this species was not fixed both in Orenburg region, and in many adjacent regions. In this location this species is, apparently, adventive, accidentally ingressed species, near borders of a natural area, which is actively settled and naturalized in natural coastal and water communities within this locality is noted. Ph. altissimus forms monodominant communities, rather big on the area, with a combination to natural coastal and water gelofits.
Key words: Phragmites altissimus, alien species, Southern Urals, Orenburg oblast
Demographic characteristics of coenopopulations of Hedysarum razoumovianum Fisch. et Helm (Fabaceae) in the conditions of antropogenic press (Middle Volga region)
Abstract. Ontogenetic structure of natural populations of rare plant species is the main characteristic in assessing their current state and forecasting further development. In the Middle Volga basin, the ontogenetic structure of Hedysarum razoumovianum Fisch et Helm (Fabaceae) populations was studied. The species is native to the northwestern border of the range and is included in the Red Books of the Russian Federation and Samara Region. In the course of the work, population-ontogenetic research techniques were used. The assessment of the types of populations carried out by the criterion of "delta-omega". The basic ontogenetic spectrum of coenopopulations centered with the predominance of mature generative individuals. Most coenopopulations are mature normal. Average demographic indices of coenopopulations Hedysarum razoumovianum: substitution index – 0.30; recovery index – 0.31; aging index – 0.04. The average age (∆) is 0.44, the average efficiency (ω) is 0.72. The change in the demographic parameters of Hedysarum razoumovianum coenopopulations on the Middle Volga is influenced by the degree of anthropogenic load. It was revealed that a strong anthropogenic load, like its complete absence, leads to a gradual aging of populations.
Key words: Hedysarum razoumovianum, Fabaceae, population, ontogenetic structure, demographic indicators
2019 Vol. XIII № 2
M.S.Knyazev, A.S. Tretyakova, E.N. Podgaevskaya,
N.V. Zolotareva, P.V. Kulikov
Annotated checklist of the flora of Sverdlovsk Region.
Part IV: dicotyledonous plants (Empetraceae – Droseraceae)
Abstract. This article presents for the first time a detailed checklist of the flora of dicotyledonous plants (family Empetraceae – Droseraceae) of the Sverdlovsk Region, based on multi-years field research, a critical study of herbarium materials and literature sources. Part IV of the checklist includes 195 species, 2 subspecies and 4 interspecific hybrids of wild plants, as well as 37 of the most common cultivated plants. For all species, information is given on the occurrence in botanical-geographical districts and administrative districts of the region. In the checklist for species were noted bioecological features are indicated (life form according to K. Raunkier and I.G. Serebryakov, coenotic groups and ecological groups towards moistening), zonal and longitudinal arealogic groups, economic significance. For the alien species in addition were noted origin, migration technique, and level of reached naturalization achieved in the region are additionally indicated. Species in need of protection in the region were noted. The article discusses the contribution of P.L. Gorchakovsky to the study of the plant cover of the Urals and the development of botanical research in the Urals.
Key words: flora, dicotyledonous plants, Sverdlovsk Region, Middle Urals
A.N. Levashov, A.Yu. Romanovskiy, D.A. Philippov
Neckera pennata (Bryophyta, Neckeraceae) in Vologda Region, Russia
Abstract. The work summarizes data on the distribution, biological, ecological, and population characteristics and protection of the regionally rare and protected the Bryopsida moss, Neckera pennata Hedw. in the Vologda Region. To date, the species has been recorded in 92 localities in the Region, in all the administrative districts of the Region and in 38 squares of the Atlas Florae Europaeae. A total of 48 new localities from 18 administrative districts are listed for this species, at that Neckera pennata is reported for the first time for 12 districts (Babushkinskiy, Belozerskiy, Velikoustyugskiy, Verkhovazhskiy, Kichmengsko-Gorodetskiy, Mezhdurechenskiy, Nyuksenskiy, Sokolskiy, Ust’-Kubinskiy, Ustyuzhenskiy, Kharovskiy, Chagodoshchenskiy districts). In the Vologda Region, the species occur in old mesophilic aspen and aspen-spruce forests. In addition to Populus tremula L., which is the main substrate for the moss, Neckera pennata was rarely observed on 10 more species of woody plants (Larix sibirica Ledeb., Picea abies (L.) Karst., Betula pendula Roth, Populus alba L., P. balsaminifera L., Sorbus aucuparia L., Salix caprea L., Tilia cordata Mill., Ulmus glabra Huds., U. laevis Pall.). Currently, the species is included in the Red Data Book of the Vologda Region with a 3/LC status and is protected in the region in 15 protected areas, including two federal, 12 regional and one local protected area. The main threats to the existence of the species are associated with the removal or fragmentation of old forests due to logging.
Key words: mosses, shingle moss, biological diversity, rare species, Red Data Book, Vologda Region
M.V. Kazakova, E.V. Pismarkina, N.A. Sobolev
Materials to studying the phytodiversity of Penza Region:
sandy steppe in the vicinity of the village Podgornoe (Mokshansky District)
Abstract. A general description and a list of species of vascular plants of the locality in the northern part of Penza Region in the basin of the Moksha River (tributary of the Oka River) are presented. 213 species of vascular plants were identified in the locality, of which 5 species were listed in the Red Book of the Russian Federation (2008), and 8 species – in the Red Book of Penza Region (2013). Species classified as rare, vulnerable and in need of constant monitoring in the Penza Region have been registered.
Key words: Moksha River basin, Red Book, Penza Region, steppe, rare species, vascular plants
E.A. Arkhipova, Yu.V. Volkov, A.M. Nevryuev,
M.V. Stepanov, A.V. Shchukina
Results of comparative analysis of some characteristics of Iris pumila L.
and habitat conditions of the species in Saratov Region
Abstract. The article presents the results of the use of cluster analysis to characterize 15 coenopopulations of Iris pumila L. in Saratov region, using generative traits (the color of the flowers and the barbule, the diameter of the flower, the height of the footstalk with the flowers and the footstalk to the ovarium, the length of the perianth tube, bract, the length and width of limb of inner perianth lobe, the length and width of inner perianth lobe, the length and width of external perianth lobe) and the physical-geographical conditions (height of the surface, slope exposure, distance from the Volga River) in which the populations are located. Cluster analysis was carried out separately on the basis of only generative traits and separately taking into account physical and geographical conditions. For the studied coenopopulations of I. pumila, a relationship between the physical and geographical conditions in which they are located, and the values of the generative organs of plants of this species have not been established.
Key words: Iris pumila, Saratov Region, cluster analysis
S.V. Saksonov, S.A. Senator
Gennady Samuilovich Rozenberg:
to the 70th Anniversary of birth and 50th Anniversary of scientific activity
Key words: G.S. Rozenberg, ecology, geobotany, anniversary
2019 Vol. XIII № 3
Kessel D.S., Shchukina K.V., Abdurakhmanova Z.I.,
Gadzhiataev M.G., Shilnikov D.S.
Variety of grass-shrub layer of birch forests
of Teberdinsky Reserve and Natural park "Upper Gunib"
Abstract. Communities dominated by Betula litwinowii Doluch have been studied in Teberdinsky Reserve (Karachay-Cherkessia) and the Natural Park "Upper Gunib" (Dagestan). The assessment of the grass-shrub layer for 5 groups of communities of high-altitude birch forests was carried out using the indices of Menhinik, Margalef, Shannon, Simpson, Shannon-Weaver equalization index and dominance index, reflecting different aspects of biodiversity. The comparison of the obtained indicators of equalization of the grass-shrub layer of mountain birch forests of the studied regions of the North Caucasus with the literature data was carried out. It is shown that values of indices of Margalef and Menhinick exhibit greater scatter of the average values. With high species richness, Simpson and Shannon indices have medium-high values. Indices are determined, which enable to estimate the level of biodiversity in mountain birch communities most objectively, and allow to comparing syntaxons of these communities.
Key words: Betula litwinowii, birch forests, Teberda reserve, Gunib plateau, biodiversity indices
Levashov A.N., Zhukova N.N., Romanovskiy A.Yu.,
Komarova A.S., Philippov D.A.
New records of rare and protected vascular plants
in the Vologda part of the Vaga River basin
Abstract. The work was carried out in the southern part of the Vaga River basin (within the Verkhovazhskiy, Syamzhenskiy and Totemskiy districts of the Vologda Region) as a part of the studies for Red Data Book of the Vologda Region. Results obtained are important for clarifying the chorological and phytocenotic regional preferences of a number of species of vascular plants and for identifying modern "centers" of rare and protected species, giving an idea of the environmental value of this basin and its parts. As a result of field studies in 2015–2019 a total of 550 new localities of 67 protected and 52 rare species of vascular plants were recorded, including 2 species (4 localities) with the 1/CR status, 1 (1) with 1/EN, 3 (7) with 2/EN, 8 (30) with 2/VU, 22 (86) with 3/NT, 28 (126) with 3/LC, 3 (5) with 4/DD, and 52 (291) species with a “biological control required” status. Within the boundaries of the present protected areas, only 17 protected and rare plant species were found (14.3% of the total number within the Vaga River basin). The most important findings include Saxifraga hirculus L., Scorzonera glabra Rupr. (1/CR); Calypso bulbosa (L.) Oakes (1/EN); Eremogone saxatilis (L.) Ikonn., Poa alpina L., Potamogeton crispus L. (2/EN), Epipactis atrorubens (Hoffm. ex Bernh.) Bess., Listera cordata (L.) R. Br., Poa remota Forsell. (2/VU); Festuca rupicola Heuff. (biological control required), as well as several non-status native (Helictotrichon pubescens (Huds.) Pilger, Nonea pulla DC.) and adventive (Euphorbia helioscopia L., Onobrychis viciifolia Scop, Silaum silaus (L.) Schinz ey Thell.) species, new or previously reported for the Vologda Region.
Key words: protected species, rare species, Red Data Book, Vaga River, Vologda Region
Vasjukov V.M., Senator S.A., Zibzeev E.G.,
Korolyuk A.Y., Saksonov S.V.
Materials for the flora of Samara, Ulyanovsk regions and the Republic of Tatarstan
Abstract. The results of the floristic survey of 9 geographical points located on the territory of Middle Volga Region are presented. A total of 765 vascular plant species were found including new ones for Samara (Scorzonera × glastifolia), Ulyanovsk (Carex humilis, Chamaecytisus borysthenicus, Galium praeboreale, Hieracium filifolium, Koeleria valdevestita, Vincetoxicum cretaceum) regions and the Republic of Tatarstan (Alchemilla nemoralis, Koeleria spryginii). The authors found the location of 14 species listed in the Red Book of Russian Federation (2008): Anthemis trotzkiana, Artemisia salsoloides, Astragalus zingeri, Cephalanthera rubra, Cypripedium calceolus, Fritillaria ruthenica, Hedysarum grandiflorum, H. razoumowianum, Iris aphylla, I. pumila, Koeleria sclerophylla, Stipa pennata, S. pulcherrima, S. zalesskyi.
Key words: flora, vascular plants, rare species, Middle Volga Region
Glazunov V.A., Nikolaenko S.A.
New locations of Isoetes L. (Isoetaceae, Lycopodiophyta)
in Western Siberia
Abstract. The article provides information on the new locations of two species of heterogeneous lycopods – Isoetes lacustris and I. echinospora in the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug – Ugra. I. lacustris is a new species for the Okrug. Both species found together in 4 lakes in the southern part of the Khanty-Mansi District (Sogom village), in the middle taiga subzone. I. echinospora is also found in two lakes in the north-eastern part of the Beloyarsky District, in the territory of the Noomto Natural Park.
Key words: Isoetes, Western Siberia, Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug – Ugra, Red Data Book
Maramokhin E.V., Golubev V.S.
A find of the rare plant Hottonia palustris L. (Primulaceae) in Kostroma Region
Abstract. The article is devoted to a new find of the Hottonia palustris L. population in the Kostroma District of Kostroma Region. Data on the physicochemical properties of water at the place of detection of the population, as well as some morphological features of this plant, are provided.
Key words: Hottonia palustris , a rare species, a new population, morphological features, Red Book, Kostroma Region
2019 Vol. XIII № 4
Knyazev M.S., Chkalov A.V., Tretyakova A.S.,
Zolotareva N.V., Podgaevskaya E.N., Pakina D.V., Kulikov P.V.
Annotated checklist of the flora of Sverdlovsk Region.
Part V: dicotyledonous plants (Rosaceae)
Abstract. The article gives a detailed checklist of the flora of dicotyledonous plants (Rosaceae family) of Sverdlovsk region, based on the long-term field researches, critical study of herbarium materials and literature sources. Information is provided on the distribution, bioecological features and economic significance of 138 species, 1 subspecies and 4 interspecies hybrids of the dicotyledonous plants of the natural flora of the region. Species in need of protection, as well as species widely cultivated on the territory of the region, were noted. The article discusses the history of the development of environmental ideas and a network of specially protected natural territories in the region.
Key words: flora, dicotyledonous plants, Rosaceae, Sverdlovsk Region, Middle Urals
Senator S.A., Vasjukov V.M.
Synopsis of alien plants of the Middle Volga Region
Abstract. For the first time, a list of alien plants registered on the territory of the Middle Volga Region (within the boundaries of Samara and Ulyanovsk Regions) is published. The alien flora of the Middle Volga Region is represented by 461 species of vascular plants belonging to 275 genera and 77 families (23.1% of the total flora). For each species information is provided about the time of occurrence in the flora (archaeophyte, neophyte), mode of introduction (xenophyte, ergasiophygophyte), invasive status (ephemerophyte, colonophyte, epecophyte, agriophyte), life form, geographical element, frequency of occurrence, range of occupied habitats, as well as the date of first mention. The predominance of neophytes (394 species, 85.5%) over archaeophytes (67 species, 14.5%) was found in the alien flora of the Middle Volga region. For the first time, information is provided on the findings of such species as Cleome spinosa, Echinacea purpurea, Grindelia squarrosa, Jovibarba globifera, Phaseolus vulgaris, and Rudbeckia laciniata. All listed species are accompanied by comments. Among alien plants is dominated by epecophytes (149 species, 32.3%) and ephemerophytes (148 species, 32.1%), 142 species are colonophytes (30.8%) and 22 (4.8%) are agriophytes. 21 species belong to the disappeared ones, they are listed in the general list, but are not included in the analysis. Currently, there is a high rate of adventization of the regional flora – 161 species (35.0% of their total number) recorded in the last 20 years. According to the modes of introduction, alien species are distributed almost equally – 227 xenophytes (49.2%) and 234 ergasiophygophytes (50.8%). The most common alien species in the region have been identified. The results of distribution of alien species are presented by habitat types.
Key words: alien species, naturalization, invasive species, vascular plants, Middle Volga Region
Tokhtar V.K., Kurskoy A.Yu.
Euphorbia davidii Subils (Euphorbiaceae) – a new species
for the Central Black Soil Region (Russia)
Abstract. It is reported that Euphorbia davidii Subils – a new species noted in the flora of the Central Black Soil Region was found in the Belgorod Oblast (Russia). The total area occupied by the population of this species was more than 300 m2. The data on the main diagnostic differences between close species E. davidii and E. dentata Michx. are indicated and information on the findings of this alien plant in Europe and in Russia. Most populations of E. davidii have a small number of plants, but in some cases, groups of plants can occupy large area. The species noted mainly on railways and agricultural lands without introduce into natural habitats.
Key words: Euphorbia davidii, alien species, quarantine species, Central Black Soil Region, Belgorod Oblast
Vasjukov V.M., Novikova L.A., Gorbushina T.V.,
Ivanova A.V., Lysenko T.M.
Materials to the flora of the South-West of Penza Region:
Bekovo and Tamala Districts
Abstract. As a result of botanical research in 2019 were found 620 species of vascular plants in the Bekovo and Tamala Districts of the Penza Region, including 5 species of the Red Book of the Russian Federation (2008) – Fritillaria ruthenica Wikstr., Iris aphylla L., Stipa dasyphylla (Lindem.) Czern. ex Trautv., S. pennata L. s.str., S. zalesskyi Wilensky ex Grossh. and 32 species of the Red Book of Penza Region (2013). The results of the floristic survey of 11 geographical points are presented.
Key words: flora, rare species, Red Book, Penza Region, Bekovo District, Tamala District
Ivanova M.I., Baleev D.N., Bukharov A.F., Kashleva A.I.
The structure of the inflorescence and the implementation of seed productivity
of Allium cristophii Trautv. in Moscow Region
Abstract. A. cristophii Trautv. [A. albopilosum C.H. Wright, A. bodeanum Regel, A. walteri Regel] is a type of subsection Cristophiana. It is an extremely polymorphic taxon. The species has a fairly high seed productivity, which varies widely. The seed productivity of two samples was studied, one of which, under the name A. albopilosum S.N. Wright, was introduced from the Netherlands, and the second A. cristophii was obtained from the Botanical Garden of the Institute of Biology of the Komi Scientific Center, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. The age of the mother bulbs – 6–7 years. In Moscow Region A. albopilosum and A. cristophii fruit sticking was 89.2 and 88.5%, the real seed productivity was 4.54 and 2.72 g per inflorescence, the weight of 1000 seeds was 5.69 and 5.20 g, respectively (average values). In A. albopilosum, an average insemination was found – 5.54 units / fruit, with up to 13 seeds per fruit being noted in the lower tier, 15 in average, and 11 seeds per fruit in the upper tier. A. cristophii recorded an average insemination of 4.93 pieces / fruit, while in the lower tier there was a formation of up to 11 seeds per fruit, average – 10, top – 8 seeds per fruit.
Key words: Allium cristophii Trautv., seed productivity, mass of 1000 seeds, coefficient of realization of seed productivity